“The estimated net worth and known sources of income of Vladimir Putin and his family members, including assets, investments, bank accounts, and other business interests and relevant business ownership … and an identification of the most significant foreign political figures and oligarchs in the Russian Federation, as determined by their closeness to Vladimir Putin,” would all be including in the report, according to the bill.
Some analysts claim Putin may be the richest man in the world. Bill Browder, a British-American financier who previously did business in Russia, has estimated that the Russian President is worth around $200 billion. Others have given a more modest estimate of around $70 billion. But Putin’s personal wealth is notoriously difficult to calculate, because Putin’s money is believed to be dispersed among his close allies and Russia’s vast network of oligarchs.
“Putin controls wealth through proxies. Sergey owes his fortune to Putin, so when Putin asks Sergey a favor, the favor must be honored. A luxury cruise, use of a private Dacha, expensive consumer goods, etc.,” Burke Files, an international financial investigator who tracks money laundering, told Newsweek, using generic names as examples. “Ivan owns a shipping company and owes his wealth to Putin, so when Putin requests a favor, Ivan— like Sergey—honors the request."
"Putin also has a number of front people, such as Sergei Roldugin the cellist—whose name is all across the Panama Papers—who allow themselves to be used as front people. Thus while his titled wealth may be large, the assets under control and favors upon which he can call are enormous and incalculable,” Files elaborated.
Files went on to call efforts to discover Putin's net worth “a waste of time and effort that will do nothing to foster better relations or anything else. It is a near to useless exercise that will do more harm than good.”
According to data reported by the Kremlin, Putin earned around $140,000 in 2015.
But Anders Aslund, a Swedish economist and a resident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council in Washington, D.C., says the figure is much higher and is possible to calculate.
"You can see the Russian state transactions and the money leaving the country. Capital flight is around $800 billion, and one-sixth probably belongs to Putin and one-sixth for his friends," Aslund told Newsweek.
"I would estimate that Putin is worth around $100-160 billion. We can see that Putin and his friends have taken $10-15 billion from Gazprom every year since 2004. That’s just Gazprom. There are large numbers of transactions being made," Aslund continued. "What’s much more difficult is to see where the money goes. It’s typically Cyprus, Cayman Islands, British Virgin Islands and Willmington, Delaware. The U.S. needs legislation against anonymous companies. The ultimate beneficiaries should be published."